Nail psoriasis

Most people associate psoriasis with skin disease, but psoriasis looks like on the nails, many do not know. The diseased nails a lot of what is similar to manifestation of the disease on the skin. Psoriatic plaques transformirovalsya on nails in an ugly layering and thickening of the nail plate. The disease is rare form of psoriasis and occurs against a background of psoriatic arthritis.

Nail psoriasis

Causes of psoriasis on nails

Psoriasis refers to disease with a complex nature of education. For many years doctors struggling with the mystery of the exact causes of the disease. Obvious culprits of psoriasis on nails medicine is not established. Voicing the causes of the disease, the doctor points out the factors that can cause it:

  • frequent stress;
  • malfunctions in peripheral blood circulation;
  • abnormal metabolism;
  • various chronic diseases;
  • sensitive perception of environmental phenomena;
  • heredity.

Diagnosis of nail psoriasis

As an independent disease, psoriasis of nail plates is rarely diagnosed. The disease arose from the General destruction of the body when the immune system fails and attacks healthy cells, making them pathogenic.

Special procedures that allow you to diagnose nail psoriasis, is not developed. The doctor conducts an external examination of problem areas, assigns the change of the biochemical and General blood analysis. The study revealed blood rheumatoid factor, presence of autoimmune and inflammatory processes. In some cases, a skin biopsy to exclude other pathology.

Symptoms of psoriasis on nails

What is nail psoriasis is an autoimmune pathology is unclear until the end of the nature of education. To see the first signs of psoriasis on nails difficult, the disease occurs slowly, appearing minor symptoms. The defeat of the nail plate are found in a small thickening of the soft tissues of the nail and temporary inflammation. Adverse changes may occur in the matrix and bed of the nail plate. Visually lesions of the nails can look like this:

  • quick keratinization and proliferation of under-nail of epithelium (hyperkeratosis);
  • sub-ungual hemorrhages in the form of strips or race, painted in brown or black color;
  • syndrome oil spots, when under the nail you can clearly see the smudge of a dirty yellow hue;
  • dad on the soft tissues around the nail plate are covered with scales, which have a stearic configuration;
  • psoriasis under nails causes partial or complete separation from bed;
  • the progression of disease leads to deformation of the nail plate, which gradually takes the form of a bird beak.
Nail psoriasis on hands

In the initial phase and during an exacerbation appear itching and burning. Pain comes later, when the lesion reaches the deeper layers of the nail plate and soft tissues. We have listed the main symptoms of nail psoriasis, but experts consider them with respect to stages of the disease.

Stages of nail psoriasis

Psoriasis on the nails passes the same stages as the normal forms:

  • Progressive stage characterized by the formation of white or yellow-brown papules that slowly increase in size. The changes are not applied under the nail area and the disease is easily treatable. On the surface of the nail is visibly peeling, but the pain syndrome, the patient does not feel.
  • Stationary phase is determined by the deceleration of growth in the number of papules. The intensity of the inflammatory process goes out, but the physical discomfort remains. Pain appears when person is trying to touch the cuticle. Psoriasis on the nails of the hands, the epidermis can be covered in a rash. Is dryness of the skin, it through the cracks.
  • The regressive stage is characterized by the appearance of severe itching. Papules disappear, and instead the edges of the nail plates are formed pseudo-Mimi spots.

Experts believe that with the progression of pathology of the nail psoriasis can develop into psoriatic arthritis. The disease is dangerous for its complications. Under the influence of negative process, the deformation of the joints, a person loses their physical abilities, until the disability.

Methods for the treatment of nail psoriasis

The question of how to cure psoriasis on the nails, sooner or later somebody who has the disease. A common approach to the treatment of psoriasis does not work, all actions of the doctor are based on the individual plan.

Students must conduct a thorough analysis of the development of pathology, to take into account the age and presence of other diseases in a patient. However, how to treat nail psoriasis to completely eliminate the disease, doctors are not yet known. The strength of modern medicine to stop the progress of the disease and to preserve human lifestyle.


Medications for psoriasis of the nails

Choosing what to treat nail psoriasis at the initial stage, the doctors prefer the external tool. Localized steroids are used.

Inflammation of the skin in the area of the nail plate is removed using salicylic ointment. In special cases use treatment fingers on the feet and hands with a solution of immuno-suppressors. Affected area coat with drugs 2 times a day for 3-4 months.

In parallel with ointments your doctor may prescribe oral antidepressants. To strengthen immunity and resistance to the environment used vitamin complexes. It is desirable that they present elements such as zinc, selenium, calcium.

Physical therapy of psoriasis nails

In addition to medication, treatment includes physical therapy. The choice of treatments is wide enough. Today at the disposal of doctors there are physiotherapy as:

  • laser and light pulse;
  • electric current;
  • ultrasonic and infrared waves.

The most significant results in the treatment of psoriasis under the nails makes use of magnetic-laser therapy and inclusion in the medical complex electrosleep. The combination of several techniques of physiotherapy increases the chance of a positive trend. Quickly removed the acute symptoms of the disease, inflammation occurs prolonged remission.

Home remedies for the treatment of nail psoriasis

Over the years of dealing with unpleasant and dangerous disease invented many folk remedies. Some of them are questionable, others are well known to doctors, and others require a careful approach. We decided to bring some of them.

Healing baths of medicinal herbs. Prepare a decoction of succession, chamomile or sage, pour it into a deep bowl and put in the tub sick nails for 15-20 minutes.

To deal with psoriasis on the nails at home will help a special ointment, made from copper sulphate and potassium permanganate. Take 100 grams of copper sulfate and 3 grams of potassium permanganate, dissolve them in 1 liter of boiled water. Within 7 days lubricate sore spots resulting solution. Take a break for 5 days and repeat the course of treatment. Keep in mind that the ointment has no corrosive effects causes pain, but gives a fast therapeutic effect. Method is questionable, so it is better to consult a doctor.

The decoction for internal use. Make a mixture of equal parts of dried elecampane root, Bidens, leaves of bilberry, greater celandine, flowers of black elder. Fold the herbs in the Bank. Every day take one tablespoon of the mixture pour a glass of water, boil for 5 minutes, drink half a Cup 2 times a day 2 hours after a meal.

Nail care to help the therapeutic process

People who become ill with psoriasis, is obliged to adhere to special hygiene care of nails and limbs. Please enter into your life following rules:

  • cut the nails on the hands and feet as short as possible;
  • wear gloves while doing household chores (Laundry, washing dishes, cleaning);
  • refrain from manicures and pedicures;
  • avoid injury to the nail;
  • keep nail plate.

Note!Proper nail care is opposed to the development of pathology. The rules are simple, the main thing is to force yourself to do them. Help own body and he will answer you coordinated work of all systems.


The effects of nail psoriasis

The fact that psoriasis is incurable — it's not only his disadvantage. The disease accompanies man throughout his life, creating a kind of mental and physical discomfort. The disease are variable, he then calms down, then quickly progresses. People in contact with the patient, the disease is not transmitted, but for a sick person it is dangerous for its severe consequences.

Psoriasis patients often fall into depression, experience nervous tension, addicted to alcohol. At such a negative background is the development of other diseases: heart attack, ischemia, diabetes, and Oncology.

If the disease is severe, there are new negative symptoms: fever, General weakness, poor absorption of folic acid. Generalized form of the disease, psoriasis Zumbusch, can lead to death.

Prevention of the disease

If you don't want to think about how to treat psoriasis of the nails, engaged in the prevention of disease. Experts compiled General recommendations for preventive measures that can stop the progression of the disease. Get out of my life bad habits and stress, balance the food, walk in the fresh air, sleep well, protect your fingers and take care of them. Maintenance is easy, and the benefits from it most.