Psoriasis on hands and palms

Psoriasis on hands is one of the serious illnesses of an autoimmune nature, which primarily have cutaneous manifestations. If you don't treat psoriasis, it may further affect the joints. How to cure this disease, what its symptoms and causes?

psoriasis on hands

Symptoms of psoriasis on hands

Signs of psoriasis on the fingers and palms arise suddenly. First, there are small eruptions, which after a time turn into big spots. Symptoms of psoriasis on hands:

  • Clearly delineated papules that have a round shape hot pink color.
  • Dry, elevated above the skin red spots – psoriasis patches.
  • Peeling, itching in the region of the formed plaques.
  • Possible bleeding of the skin in the place of localization of papules, plaques.
  • Very often when psoriasis affects the nails ("symptom thimble") – there is the small point, the nail plate begins to peel away.
  • Psoriasis of the hands is manifested as: rash starts on the back of the palm, between the fingers and on them.

Psoriasis is a condition which interferes with the process of cell division, as a result they begin to share 5-10 times faster than healthy cells. In psoriasis the skin cells multiply actively, to this process soon connect immune cells, blood vessels. In the place of smooth skin occur psoriatic plaques. Spot raised above the surface of the skin, blood vessels increase, resulting in plaque, raised high above the surface of the skin.

Psoriasis is not separated by sex or race. Most frequently the disease appears between the ages of 15 to 35 years of age and after 60 years.

Causes of psoriasis on hands

Today is not the exact cause of psoriasis on the hands, fingers, palms or other parts of the body. But, according to medical research, found out following risk factors of the disease:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • stress;
  • skin type — it is established that most often psoriasis affects people with dry skin type;
  • taking certain medicines, for example, anticonvulsants, sedatives, antidepressants;
  • thyroid disease;
  • mechanical skin injuries – cuts, scrapes, etc.

Increase risk of development of psoriasis people who:

  • smoke, abuse alcohol;
  • have excess body weight;
  • not eat.
the stage of the disease

The stage of the disease

There are such stages of psoriasis on the hands:

  1. The acute progressive stage of the disease. It is characterized by the increase in the number and size of spots increased itching and flaking.
  2. Stationary phase – it is characterized by attenuation of the disease, change the color of psoriatic plaques (they become less red, white), as well as reduce blemishes.
  3. Remission – is characterized by complete disappearance of all signs of psoriasis.

To look at my hands affected by psoriasis, a very unpleasant. But the disease is so common that people have to know what it looks like psoriasis on the hands in order to identify the problem and promptly begin treatment of the disease.

Forms of psoriasis

There are several types of psoriasis of hands:

  • Pustular – is localized mostly on the palms, forearms. In this form of psoriasis a person has red spots with purulent contents. These spots merge, forming the so-called purulent the lake. Pustular psoriasis of the palms is the most dangerous form of the disease, as very often is complicated by the wide swelling of the palms, the development of nephropathy and the appearance of degenerative phenomena.
  • Teardrop – most often formed in the upper arm, closer to the shoulders. Plaque shaped like a drop.
  • Patchy – merge of plaques in the group, their cover of white caps.
  • Nail psoriasis – the appearance of longitudinal or transverse lines are gray or white; thickening of the skin around the nail; loosening and destruction of the entire nail plate.

Types of psoriasis of the hands depending on the localization

Depending on the location of the papules, plaques there are the following types of psoriasis:

Localization of psoriasis on hands A description of the problem
On the palms Redness of the skin surface of the palms, the itching, the coarsening of the top layer, the appearance of calluses. Externally psoriasis on the palms many are confused with athlete's foot or eczema. For proper diagnosis you need to consult with a specialist.
On the hands and fingers Inflammation, swelling of the fingers, their peeling, cracking skin, pain and itching.
danger of self-treatment

Danger of self-treatment

Not knowing how to treat psoriasis on the hands, in independent attempts that pseudo-treatment can end in tears. Despite the fact that many drugs for the treatment of psoriasis non-prescription, people should know that they can only be treated following approval of a physician. Otherwise, the consequences can be irreversible:

  • hypercalcemia – occurs when you use certain ointments, creams local actions. This condition can lead to cardiac arrhythmias and even to muscle cramps;
  • skin burns – when using local funds, as well as such a method of treatment of psoriasis like phototherapy, the patient may develop skin burns;
  • the syndrome of addiction, cancel;
  • the appearance of inflammatory reactions;
  • various disorders of the endocrine, cardiovascular system – when using hormonal preparations.
  • pigmentation of the surrounding healthy skin – staining in brown color;
  • the appearance of skin atrophy;
  • frequent relapses of the disease, the deterioration of the disease.

To use any methods, preparations for the treatment of psoriasis without a doctor's recommendation in terms of frequency, duration of application, area of application of ointment, creams, and without taking into account the individual characteristics of the body very dangerous. Not knowing how to treat psoriasis, person, first, can damage other organs and systems. Secondly, it risks not only to cure, but to significantly worsen the disease. And, thirdly, in the absence of adequate treatment, the disease may move into the category of running, get rid of that will be very difficult.

How to treat?

Treatment of psoriasis on the hands must be comprehensive and include:

  • The use of means of local action.
  • Use of drugs common actions (ingestion).
  • Phyto-therapeutic treatment.

Drugs local action

Every year the tactics of treatment of this infectious disease changed. Now popular non-hormonal anti-inflammatory agents, and aromatic retinoids, the task of which is to remove dead skin cells, relieve inflammation, prevent the formation of psoriatic plaques, as well as the process of keratinization of the skin. For local therapy, various creams and ointments with vitamins a and D.

Creams for psoriasis

the treatment of psoriasis

Creams this disease can be:

  • Hormonal – they suppress the immune response and reduce the intensity of metabolic processes in the affected skin cells. If the composition of such creams include vasoconstrictors, it is doubly effective, since the effects of the drug on the skin is the process of reducing the concentration of nutrients, normalizes the process of exfoliation.
  • Not hormonal – they have a pronounced moisturizing effect. Compared to hormonal these creams do not cause dangerous side effects, does not lead to imbalance of hormones and also they are more accessible from a cost point of view.

Also excellent for regular baby creams with the addition of chamomile, celandine, calendula. They relieve inflammation, moisturize and soften affected skin.

Before the use of an external agent for the treatment of psoriasis, it is necessary to conduct the test on healthy area of the body.

Ointment for hands for psoriasis

Many people who are faced with psoriasis came to the pharmacy, or being at the doctor at the reception, ask: "What is the ointment of psoriasis on hands is different from the cream?". One patients are really experts in only prescribed ointment, cream others. What's the difference? The fact that the ointment for psoriasis doctor attributed in the case when you need to soften the skin. The cream also assigned in that case, if you want to prevent itching, burning, quickly remove the swelling, because it acts much faster than the ointment, the cream quickly penetrates the skin.

Administration of drugs General action

In the treatment of psoriasis in addition to funds local action patient prescribers for ingestion:

  • Antihistamine medicines to eliminate severe itching, especially worse at night.
  • Monoclonal antibodies are antibodies to inflammatory factors. Are substances that "mark" cells that cause psoriasis and these cells are further destroyed by the immune system. This method of treatment is used only in severe forms of psoriasis. Antibodies are injected only intramuscularly.
  • Drugs-cytotoxic agents that are involved in the pathogenesis of the formation of psoriatic plaques.
  • Preparations of cyclosporine, which have immunosuppressive activity.
  • Immunomodulators, vitamins.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs. They inhibit the growth of plaque, reduce inflammation.
  • Homeopathic drugs.
  • Sedatives – they normalize psycho-emotional state of a person.

Traditional treatments of psoriasis on hands

Even before the discovery and use of anti-inflammatory, hormonal drugs, people have tried to get rid of psoriasis by using folk remedies. Some patients have managed to suspend the process of pathological changes of the skin, improve the skin condition on the hands. Let's consider a popular and effective treatment of psoriasis of hands:

traditional methods of treatment
Traditional medicines Action
Linen or sea buckthorn oil Regenerates the skin, prevents dryness, protects against penetration under the epidermis of various infections, nourishes the skin with vitamins A and E.
Bay leaf Has a cleansing effect. Used: 300 g of Bay leaves pour boiling water (200 ml), boil for 10 minutes. Moisten a clean cloth or cotton pad in cold water, put compresses on the arm. Can withstand all night.
Aloe Has an antiseptic effect. Cut a piece of aloe, apply it to a problem location on the hand, tie a band-aid or wrap a bandage. Keep from 20 to 30 minutes.
Baking soda Reduces inflammation, helps to soften the skin, eliminates peeling. Lotions of soda, made thus: to cook of soda powder and clean water a very thick mixture. Wet it a cotton pad, apply to the affected areas on the hands.
Clover Gently cleanses the skin, prevents inflammation. Pour 2 tbsp dry clover flowers with boiling water (1 Cup). Leave for 5 minutes, strain, applied to the problematic place for 2 hours.
Birch tar Prevents peeling of the skin, makes the spots paler. Dampen a clean cotton pad in a solution of birch tar, to wipe the affected areas (palms, between fingers, hands) several times a day.
Hydrogen peroxide Cleanses the skin, has an antiseptic effect, disinfects. Make application with the peroxide for 15-20 minutes.
Sea salt Baths with sea salt to help reduce inflammation, itching, cleanse the skin of crusts and scales. You need to dissolve a handful of sea salt in 2 litres of warm water. To give up in capacity, the time of taking bath can be 20 minutes.

Other treatments

In the treatment of this serious disease noninfectious in recent years, doctors began to prescribe to people such methods of therapy:

  • Treatment fish. Fish-kissing, it is called as therapeutic these fish because they bite, clean the skin affected by psoriasis. After this treatment improves the condition of patients for six months or more.
  • PUVA therapy, phototherapy, is the application of specific therapeutic agents to the skin following by activation of ultraviolet radiation.
  • Cryotherapy – the placement of a person in a cell with a very low temperature.
  • Bioresonance therapy – the impact on the affected skin with weak electromagnetic oscillations.
  • Ozone therapy – the use of gas treatments and cosmetic products with ozone.

Psoriasis is one of the few diseases in which the sun has a positive effect.

How to avoid relapse?

To prevent re-occurrence of psoriatic plaques on the hands, it is necessary to observe preventive measures:

psoriasis on hands prevention
  • To properly care for the skin. To prevent dryness and flaking as often as necessary to moisturize hands. Also, you should use special detergents that do not dry the skin. Toilet liquid soap or use is prohibited.
  • To avoid abrasions, cuts.
  • The first manifestations of psoriasis on the palms of the hands to avoid the skin contact with any household chemicals.
  • To observe the regime of proper nutrition. The fundamental point in it is a complete rejection of alcohol, limit meats, increase the amount of fluid intake.
  • Give up bad habits: Smoking, alcohol, drugs.
  • Sleep at least 8 hours a day. Go to bed and need to Wake up at the same time.
  • To avoid stressful situations, if necessary to take sedatives, teas with lemon balm, mint.
  • To take a sun bath. But in the active stage of the disease is prohibited in the sun.

Having considered the causes and treatment of psoriasis on the hands, it becomes clear that this disease is not as simple as it seems at first glance. Sometimes it is not enough to cure her with drugs local action, then we need to have comprehensive treatment. In the absence of adequate therapy, the disease can lead to arthritis. The treatment of this disease should be conducted only under the supervision of a dermatologist, you can use only those methods and means, which writes the doctor for a given patient.