Psoriasis on the head pictures, symptoms, causes, treatment

Psoriasis scalp is a fairly common form of skin disease that poses no serious danger to the life of the patient. Despite this, quite often this disease provoke the development of serious complications of a psychological nature. It is also worth noting that it is not the aesthetic appearance of the patient makes it impossible for his existence in society and leads in most cases to voluntary isolation.

Reasons

Psoriasis on the head

A characteristic symptom of this disease are plaques on the head, which are not in the hair and on the skin. These scaly lesions can have various sizes and in most cases show the development of the initial stage of the disease. Psoriatic scales can easily be distinguished from dandruff by the excess amount of sebaceous secretion.

As the main causes of psoriasis of the head modern medicine considers a violation of metabolic processes in the body.

It is also worth noting some of the factors that can cause this disease:

  1. Mechanical damage of the skin located in the scalp.
  2. A weakened immune system.
  3. The tendency of the patient to stressful situations.
  4. Incorrect and not sensitive food.
  5. The progression in the patient of chronic diseases that have an infectious etiology.
  6. The existence of addictions, in particular, the abuse of alcohol-containing beverages and Smoking.
  7. Disruption of the digestive tract.
  8. Long-term use of medications (especially steroids).
  9. The systematic effect on the hair and skin of the head of the low temperature regimes.
  10. Hormonal disorders (e.g. pregnancy, puberty, endocrine diseases, etc.).

Suddenly psoriasis on the back of the head, the eyebrows, forehead and beard may occur in the female and male audience, whose age exceeds 35 years. In patients of younger age group, the disease develops due to genetic predisposition. According to statistics maintained by medical institutions from around the world, this form of psoriasis progresses for 5 days, whereas in other parts of the body the disease can occur in an acute form in the course of 3 weeks or more weeks.

Symptoms and treatment

If a person observed the initial stage of the disease, then it may not manifest typical symptoms. In that case, if the disease will become a progressive stage, then it will become visible even to the naked eyes its manifestations.

When studying psoriasis on the head you can see the peeling on the skin, which is accompanied by severe itching.

Over time, patients in the scalp will begin to appear psoriatic plaques and signs of cracking. Place the face will start to become thicker and coarser, the skin around it red and inflamed. If patients do not give importance to that came the symptoms, then very soon the pathology will move to other parts of the body.

Psoriasis on the scalp

Classification

Psoriasis, which manifests on the scalp may have several stages of development:

  1. Initial. The patient appear on the skin individual papules, which in appearance resemble pimples, have a pink hue and clearly defined edges. Towering above the skin, they provoke severe itching. If the patient can not stand and begins to brush it, the papules may bleed. Some patients do not attach importance appeared to perceive the symptoms of psoriatic scales over the usual dandruff. They begin to use various means to get rid of dandruff, thereby worsening psoriasis. At this stage, the disease affects the scalp, but can also capture and neck area, ears and face.
  2. Progressive. When the disease begins to progress, patients appear on the skin with new rashes.
  3. Stationary. To the old psoriasis rashes join a new one.
  4. Regressive. At the transition of the disease in this stage occurs the neutralization of pronounced symptoms. Papules are formed around a bright ring.
  5. Heavy. At this stage there is a complete lesion of the scalp. Psoriatic scales increase in size and thicken. Male patients are exempt from military service.

Diagnostic measures

If a person will notice in the scalp symptoms such as flakiness, pimples, or itching, he or she should immediately contact the medical facility for consultation. A dermatologist will examine the patient and prescribe him some additional research, for example, a blood test and a biopsy.

After he was diagnosed with psoriasis, a specialist will recommend the patient's individual treatment plan, which usually includes:

Diagnostic measures
  1. Intake of medicines and use of topical medication.
  2. The transition to the diet.
  3. Passage physical therapy.
  4. Regular visits to specialized resorts and spas.
  5. Preventive measures.

Drug therapy

This category of patients, specialists may prescribe the following medications:

  1. If pathology is accompanied by severe itching and swelling, antihistamines are prescribed.
  2. To strengthen the body, while also improving their resistance to disease, it is recommended vitamin-mineral complexes.
  3. To improve the functioning of the immune system, patients must take special drugs which belong to the group of immunomodulators.
  4. Patients prescribed retinoids.
  5. If pathology is severe, then patients are assigned to corticosteroids.
  6. If the disease to join infection (secondary), adjust the treatment regimen and include in it the antibiotics. Such medicines patients must take very carefully, as they can cause a variety of complications.
  7. If the pathology in humans is manifested on the background of stress, or a constant psycho-emotional stress, the doctors can prescribe psychotropic drugs.

In the treatment of this disease often involves medications intended for external use:

  1. Prescribed ointments (reinforcing and accelerating the formation of the Horny layer of the skin).
  2. Recommended for treatment of skin with special lotions, which consists of vitamin D3 or dithranol.
  3. In severe form of the disease prescribed ointments, gels and creams from the group of glucocorticoids.
  4. For hygiene patients should use special shampoos.
  5. To counteract the symptoms, doctors advise to apply salicylic ointment. This medication can be use not only in remission, but during the acute phase of the disease.

For therapeutic purposes, patients can use special shampoos:

  1. That possess antifungal activity.
  2. Acid (salicylic) or ichthyolum.
  3. With the addition of tar.
Psoriasis

Physiotherapy

Psoriasis is a skin pathology that needs in the treatment an integrated approach. That is why, in addition to medicines, this category of patients shows the different physiotherapy:

  1. We recommend passing the sessions of hirudotherapy.
  2. Skin should be affected by the laser (erbium), with ultraviolet light.
  3. Shows the sessions of hemosorption, or plasmapheresis PUVA therapy.
  4. Greater are the benefits of treatment in specialized sanatoriums.

Food

People who are faced with this incurable disease, should be required to reconsider your diet. Due to the fact that patients almost always there is a violation of lipid metabolism, they are recommended a special diet. They must comply with the following rules:

  1. Avoid products which contain dyes and chemical additives.
  2. Should abandon all dressings and spices.
  3. Removed all harmful food alcohol-containing beverages.
  4. The menu should be of foods that can provoke allergic reactions.
  5. It is prohibited to eat fruits, vegetables and berries in bright colors and citrus and chocolate.
  6. Limited you can use milk and honey.

How to care for hair?

Patients in whom psoriasis developed on the scalp, need to know how to properly care for this area:

  1. In carrying out hygienic procedures you can use only medicated shampoos.
  2. For combing hair, you must choose a comb that bristles are made of natural materials. During the manipulation, it is impossible to have a strong physical impact on the affected areas, as this may lead to injury of psoriatic plaques and their subsequent infection.
  3. Regularly, you should handle the skin disinfectants that have appointed a dermatologist.
  4. Wet hair should not be dried with a hair dryer, as psoriatic plaques should not be a thermal effect.
  5. Throughout the course of drug therapy the patient should avoid hairdressing procedures. It is strictly forbidden to dye hair, as dyes can cause serious complications.
  6. If a woman has long hair and psoriasis progresses in this area, it is recommended to make a short cut, making it easier to take care of skin and to comb psoriatic scales.
The treatment of psoriasis

The consequences

The first such skin disorders as psoriasis causes serious psychological disorders in patients. Due to the fact that patients there are some serious changes on the skin, they begin to withdraw into themselves and otherwise refrain from contact with the outside world. Many patients on the background of external change begins a prolonged depression, the withdrawal of which can only experienced psychotherapist.

Psoriasis, one which developed on the scalp, in rare cases, becomes the cause of development of physical repercussions. But, if the patient does not pass the comprehensive therapy, the disease can spread to other parts of the body, and this, in turn, results in the following complications:

  • develops hepatitis (psoriasis);
  • occurs blood infection (if bacterial infection);
  • develops arthritis (psoriatic).

Preventive measures

To prevent the progression of this skin disease patients should regularly conduct prevention:

  1. Prolonged exposure in direct sunlight should eliminate the possibility of overheating and burning.
  2. We need to treat all chronic and infectious diseases.
  3. Patients have to completely give up addictions.
  4. It is recommended not only during treatment but throughout your life to follow a proper diet.
  5. While washing the hair you must use a remedy and to prevent mechanical damage of the skin. After completing hygienic procedures, it is recommended to rinse hair with herbal decoctions.