Currently psoriasis causes a lot of issues, in particular, can get around, who have contact with patients. That is why the bulk of society responds to psoriatic plaques in other very negative, trying not to make contact with these people. Let's analyze in detail this dilemma and try to help our readers.
I want to reassure, communicate with the person in which the disease is detected, it is perfectly safe, despite the menacing appearance of unpleasant papules. Therefore, the view that psoriasis is contagious is a myth that has no supporting base.
Causes of psoriasis
Psoriasis is not a contagious disease, therefore, is not transmitted from a sick to a healthy person (for example, when using the items for personal use via saliva, sexually). Unfortunately, the etiology of dermatological diseases scientists are still studying, despite his growing popularity.
However, experts in the field voiced one of the main factors in the emergence of disease – genetic predisposition to skin diseases. There is a possibility that psoriasis may be inherited.
In patients with pathology of skin changes occur inside the cells of the skin the body. Psoriatic papules are developing mostly in persons who have a tendency to the disease. Sometimes the disease appears in grandchildren. A characteristic feature of psoriasis is that the person does not even suggest that the disease might at any time develop.
Together with the genetic factor in the origin of disease can be identified several reasons:
- The consequences of infectious diseases. Pathogens which have a negative impact on overall health, adversely affect human skin. However, research has shown little likelihood of developing a pathology without pre-existing inclination to psoriasis. According to the scientists, and a distinguished doctor in the field of dermatology, infection can speed up the process of entering disease from a latent state.
- Allergic reactions. Some luminaries of medicine consider that the psoriasis is one type of allergic manifestations on the impact of certain products or viruses.
- Disorders of metabolism and the immune system. The problems occur with the exchange process pulls accumulation in some places of the epidermis of an excessive number of lymphocytes, and then manifested rashes and inflammation. In this case, the patient usually has a genetic predisposition to the disease. In addition, a weak immune system of the person exposed him to the development of many serious infectious diseases (tonsillitis, sore throat, etc.) and allergic reactions.
- Disruptions in hormonal levels. Disturbing the natural activities of the endocrine system pulls to the deviations of the restorative functions of the epithelium of human skin.
Psoriasis catches people unaware of the development of this disease, by surprise. It usually is the result of severe nervous shock, prolonged depression or other failure of the nervous system. Psychosomatic disorders triggers the metabolic disturbances in the human body, which in turn entails the development and exacerbation of skin disease.
In addition to psychosomatics negative impact on the situation render the patient infectious diseases, such as influenza, SARS, sinusitis, tonsillitis, otitis media, dental caries and other diseases.
According to the above, we can conclude that the dermatological pathology is contagious only if the person has a genetic inheritance to illness or he had a serious form of infections. Therefore, it is obvious that with weak immune system the likelihood of disease is much higher.
First symptoms of psoriasis
To confirm the diagnosis, it is mandatory to pass the examination in a medical facility. Typical symptoms of psoriasis are:
- Spot scarlet color with defined edges, especially in areas of injured skin.
- The formation of a tumor in the center of the papule.
- Severe itching in areas of the rash (occurs in people with weak immune systems).
For skin disease is characterized by a gradual growth of the rash. Usually there are small plaques that in a few days, begin to multiply in the body, covered with scales of gray. The initial stage is not more than 2 – 3 weeks and then the spots increase in size and unite, their number is greatly increased.
A rash may be localized in any place: on the elbows, hands, feet, head, nails, face. Is the disease even in children (including babies) and elderly people.
Whether psoriasis is contagious or not for others, ask people who have relatives, friends or acquaintances with the same diagnosis. To answer this question, we need to include the pathology of skin to a particular type of disease.
Another name for the disease psoriasis, which most people perceived as a contagious skin disease, which is transmitted through animals and humans. Thus in addition to external similarities, these 2 diseases have nothing in common. Psoriasis is not contagious skin pathology of the skin, so to live with a person suffering from it, not only possible, but necessary. The patient need the support of family and friends, so you should pay attention to him. Warm and trusting relationship with the patient will do him only good.
This disease affects both women and men, but the beautiful half of humanity it is more common and they suffer worse. The beginning of skin disease occurs during the hormonal changes of the body in adolescents and up to 25 years, as at this time there is a formation of the endocrine system, which is fertile ground for disease. Unfortunately, scientists till the end can't figure out the origin of the disease.
Heredity is perhaps the only cause of the disease, proved in a scientific way. When the diagnosis of the parents there is a huge likelihood of developing the disease in children.
The scientists found that the culprit genes responsible for predisposition to psoriasis. The disease manifests itself when a certain push – factors mentioned earlier in the article. Diagnose it medical professionals will not be a problem, so you need time to begin treatment.
Is transmitted through contact with the patient
Whether psoriasis is passed from person to person – so exciting to many people, the subject. Impartial scaly papules in some parts of the body it is impossible to hide from prying eyes. Not possessing special knowledge in the field of medicine surrounding suspicious of unknown phenomena. Upon seeing rashes on the body of another person, they will avoid communicating with him, believing that their way was found a contagious disease.
Pathology of skin is called psoriasis that is associated with a disease that is transmitted through touch from ringworm, which can catch the children playing in the street with the courtyard kitties and puppies.
Since Ancient times, mankind has even killed people affected by psoriasis. Scientific studies have not produced encouraging predictions, believing that they are caused by infections, but the evidence could not be found.
To get psoriasis of the skin is impossible, so there is no need after communicating with the patient to run some tests. The only opportunity to purchase the disease is inherited. Other ways to get there.
Psoriasis and sex
Whether psoriasis is transmitted during sex, through contact with patients? This is the question addressed patients dermatological departments in their doctors. Given that psoriasis is not a venereal disease, through the proximity of the partner to infect is not possible.
Meanwhile, signs of syphilis – a venereal disease that is transmitted sexually, reminiscent of skin psoriasis rashes. In syphilis, the skin is covered with plaques with purulent sacs with ulcers and blisters. The rash may peel off. Having had the symptoms, particularly when there has been unprotected intercourse, you need to urgently take blood for laboratory tests.
As we have seen, psoriasis cannot be acquired through the bed, but sexually transmitted infections easily. Especially as some of them cleverly disguised as psoriasis. So, having had a suspicious rash on the skin, immediately consult a specialist for confirmation or refutation of the diagnosis.
Psoriasis and blood transfusion
According to materials contained in the scientific literature, a few patients dermatological disease after bone marrow transplantation showed a significant improvement of the condition of the epidermis. And conversely, there are rare cases of acquisition of disease from a donor with a history of psoriasis.
As explained by scientists, cutaneous disease develops in the following way. Cells of the immune system in response to a provoking factor (psychosomatics, infectious diseases and so on) are moved in the zone of influence of such factors and an inflammation occurs. First and foremost, respond to the failures of the processes of immunity in the body, keratinocytes, and there is a rapid division of epidermal cells, which leads to the formation of psoriatic lesions.
Probably during blood transfusions guilty of pathologic process were just immune cells in the blood of the donor and the stem cells of the bone marrow. Please note that the cases cited above are anecdotal, so I'm afraid to get psoriasis through blood transfusions is almost impossible.
The treatment of psoriasis
Due to the fact that psoriasis is a chronic incurable disease. Thanks to modern techniques of medicine, it is possible to achieve long-term remission, which may last several years.
Methods for the treatment of skin diseases:
- Therapeutic techniques (for example photochemotherapy and PUVA therapy).
- With the help of medications.
- A balanced diet.
- The use of traditional medicine.
Prevention of psoriasis
If pathology is not treated in time, it acquires the acute form. Scaly papules grow throughout the body and begin to bleed, scalp flaking, and the defeat could even touch the nails. All this produces impression on others frightening.
Uninformed people begin to avoid patients with psoriasis for fear of catching something from them. Even worse is the case with children who caught the disease. In school healthy children mocked and considered to be infectious. Little patients of the dermatological office very worried because of this, they can develop complexes.
Sick people have a hard time to adapt with the diagnosis, and depressed will only worsen the overall condition. As you know, psoriasis for a long time may not be evident, unless there is predisposing factors: stress, infectious diseases, bad habits, and so on.
People who suffer with a skin disease need the support of loved ones and friends. It is the part of relatives will help the patients to cope with the complexes and lead a normal life. A healthy nervous system will affect patients ' health and help them to enjoy life.